National Socialism (1933–45)

In 1933, Adolf Hitler became Reich Chancellor. The National Socialists destroyed democracy in Germany and instituted a dictatorship. The German film industry collaborated with the Nazi regime, Jewish employees were fired and “national” films were offered. Artists working in film became perpetrators, victims and blind followers.
Light entertainment dominated German film production under the “Third Reich.” Besides anti-Semitic and warmongering films, comedies and revue films were the main fare. Such movies offered an escape from day-to-day reality, especially after 1939 when the Nazis invaded Poland, leading to the start of WWII.

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