Homage and Honorary Golden Bear for Milena Canonero
The Homage of the 67th Berlin International Film Festival was dedicated to Italian costume designer Milena Canonero, who also received an Honorary Golden Bear for her lifetime achievements.
Milena Canonero is one of the world’s most celebrated costume designers. She has worked with a long list of directors, including Stanley Kubrick, Francis Ford Coppola, Sydney Pollack, Warren Beatty, Roman Polanski, Steven Soderbergh, Louis Malle, Tony Scott, Barbet Schroeder, Sofia Coppola, and Wes Anderson. Over the years she has won four Academy Awards for her outstanding costume designs and been nominated five other times.
“Milena Canonero is an extraordinary costume designer. With her designs she has contributed decisively to the style of many cinematic masterpieces. With this year’s Homage, we would like to honour a great artist as well as direct attention to another film profession,” said Berlinale Director Dieter Kosslick.
Milena Canonero’s designs result from extensive art historical research and sophisticated concepts. She never just adopts parameters from fashion history but adapts them creatively for each movie. In doing so she excels not only in the art of subtly accentuating a character’s personality but also in enhancing the texture of a film through very detailed and original designs. Her creations have influenced global fashion trends and inspired fashion designers such as Alexander McQueen and Ralph Lauren.
Right at the beginning of her career Canonero met Stanley Kubrick and it was for his film A Clockwork Orange (UK/USA 1971) that she designed her first film costumes. With them white lost its innocence and set a new benchmark for costume design. Already with her second work for Kubrick, Barry Lyndon (UK/USA 1975), she took home her first Academy Award for Best Costume Design (shared with Ulla-Britt Söderlund).
Next came Kubrick’s The Shining (UK/USA 1980) and Hugh Hudson’s Chariots of Fire (UK 1981), for which she received her second Academy Award, as well as Francis Ford Coppola’s The Cotton Club (USA 1984) and Sydney Pollack’s Out of Africa (UK/USA 1985). For Francis Ford Coppola’s The Godfather Part III (USA 1990), Milena Canonero took inspiration from the painters of the Renaissance. She made use of both subdued dark hues and striking colour compositions. In the same year, Warren Beatty’s Dick Tracy (USA 1990) was completed. For it Canonero drew on classic cuts from 1930s fashion, while referencing the original comic strip by choosing clear bright colours for the fabrics of the costumes. She limited herself to the three primary colours, plus black and white, as well as five mixed colours – and used them consistently throughout the film for all the costumes and accessories.
For Barbet Schroeder’s Single White Female (USA 1992), Milena Canonero was not only responsible for the costumes, but also for the production design. Later she received her third Academy Award for the pastel and candy-coloured garments in Sofia Coppola’s Marie Antoinette (France/Japan/USA 2006).
In recent years Milena Canonero has participated in the Berlinale with two films directed by Wes Anderson – The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou (USA 2004) and The Grand Budapest Hotel (USA/Germany 2014). For her extraordinary purple and mauve hotel staff uniforms, and the fanciful design of Madame D.’s gown from The Grand Budapest Hotel, Milena Canonero won her fourth Academy Award for Best Costume Design.
“What is also so impressive about Milena Canonero is the versatility of her artistic interests. Her costume designs for productions at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, La Scala in Milan, and the Vienna State Opera, as well as for Roman Polanski’s stage adaptation of Amadeus have brought her international recognition and success too,” commented Rainer Rother, Head of the Retrospective/Homage and Artistic Director of the Deutsche Kinemathek.
In addition Milena Canonero co-produced the film Romeo & Juliet (UK/Italy/USA 2013) by Carlo Carlei, and recently finished directing her first commercial. Currently she is developing a documentary about the costume and production designer Piero Tosi.
The ten films screened in the Homage:
A Clockwork Orange (UK/USA 1971, directed by Stanley Kubrick)
Barry Lyndon (UK/USA 1975, directed by Stanley Kubrick)
The Shining (UK/USA 1980, directed by Stanley Kubrick)
Chariots of Fire (UK 1981, directed by Hugh Hudson)
The Cotton Club (USA 1984, directed by Francis Ford Coppola)
Out of Africa (UK/USA 1985, directed by Sydney Pollack)
Dick Tracy (USA 1990, directed by Warren Beatty)
The Godfather Part III (USA 1990, directed by Francis Ford Coppola)
Marie Antoinette (France/Japan/USA 2006, directed by Sofia Coppola)
The Grand Budapest Hotel (USA/Germany 2014, directed by Wes Anderson)